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Kazakhstan Profile
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Kazakhstan Economic Overview
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Astana - New Capital

President's Address to the Nation
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                                     KAZAKHSTAN PROFILE

(Country brief overview)


President: Nursultan Nazarbayev


Prime Minister: Bakytzhan Sagintayev


Chairman of the Senate of the Parliament (upper chamber): Kassym-Jomart Tokayev


Chairman of the Majilis of the Parliament (lower chamber): Nurlan Nigmatullin


Minister of Foreign Affairs: Kairat Abdrakhmanov


Independence Day: December 16, 1991


Location: South of Russia, Northwest of China, North of Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan and Northeast of Caspian Sea (see map below).

     • Total area: 1,687,443 sq miles (2,717,300 sq km)

     • Land area: 1,657,945 sq miles (2,669,800 sq km)

     • Comparative area:

       - Ninth largest in the world, equivalent to the size of Western Europe.

       - Four times the size of Texas.

       - Five times the size France.


Boundaries: Total 7,459 miles (12,012 km (without Caspian shoreline). The Republic of Kazakhstan shares its longest borders with Russia, 4,251 miles (6,846 km) and China, 951 miles (1,533 km). It also borders 1,183 miles (1,894 km) on the Caspian Sea.


Major Cities: Astana; Almaty, Karaganda, Shymkent, Atyrau, Aktobe, Oskemen.


Population: 17.733 million (as of April, 2016)


Ethnic and Social Diversity:

     • Kazakhstanfs ethnic composition is the driving force behind much of the countryfs political and cultural life. The countryfs principal ethnic groups include Kazakh (63.1%), Russian (23.7%), Ukrainian (2.1%), Uzbek (2.8%), Uighur (1.4%), Tatar (1.3%), German (1.1%), and other groups (4.5%). There are more than 130 other ethnic groups living in peace in Kazakhstan.


     • Two major religions in Kazakhstan are Islam and Christianity. Most Muslims in Kazakhstan belong to the Sunni denomination of Islam, while most of Christians belong to the Russian Orthodox Church. The rest constitute other religions – there are more than 40 confessions in Kazakhstan which are organised in more than 3000 religious organisations. It is worth mentioning that although most people in Kazakhstan associate themselves with a certain religion, most of the population is not deeply religious.


     • Languages: Kazakh (state language), Russian. Newspapers, TV/Radio programs, school instruction are done in 11 languages (Kazakh, Russian, German, Korean, etc.)


     • Literacy: 100%



Map of Kazakhstan:


The Anthem is one of the main symbols of the state. The Russian term ggimnh for Anthem comes from the Greek word gGimneoh and means solemn, ceremonial song. The Anthem serves as an important sound symbol with a key value for the effective socio-political consolidation and ethnocultural identification of citizens of the country.

In the history of sovereign Kazakhstan the national anthem was adopted two times: in 1992 and 2006.

After gaining independence in 1992, a competition was announced to writing of music and lyrics of the national Anthem. Following the results of the competition, it was decided to retain the melody of the previous anthem, the anthem of the Kazakh SSR. Therefore, Mukan Tulebayev, Yevgeny Brusilovsky and Latif Khamidi have become the authors of the first anthem. The creative team presented by Kazakhstanfs famous poets Muzaphar Alimbayev, Kadyr Myrzaliyev, Tumanbai Moldagaliyev and a young poetess Zhadyra Daribayeva won the poetic contest.

The new State Anthem was adopted in 2006 in order to promote the countryfs sound symbolism. It is based on the patriotic song gMenyn Kazakhstanymh (My Kazakhstan) which is popular among the people and written in 1956, with music by Shamshi Kaldayakov and lyrics by Zhumeken Nazhimedenov.

President Nursultan Nazarbayev modified the original lyrics of the song. The corresponding amendments have been introduced to the Decree gOn State Symbolsh at the joint session of the Houses of Parliament on January 6, 2006 and the Parliament approved it as a new State Anthem of Kazakhstan.


Kazakh Language Transliteration English interpretation
„@„|„„„„~ „{?„~ „p„ƒ„„p„~„,
„@„|„„„„~ „t?„~ „t„p„|„p„ƒ„,
„E„‚„|?„{„„?? „t„p„ƒ„„„p„~„
„E„|?„}„u ?„p„‚„p„Š„!

„E„w„u„|„t„u„~ „u„‚ „t„u„s„u„~,
„D„p??„„}„„x „Š„?„„„ ?„€„z,
„N„p„}„„ƒ„„~ „q„u„‚„}„u„s„u„~,
?„p„x„p?„„} „}„?„„„ ?„€„z!

„M„u„~?? „u„|?„}, „}„u„~?? „u„|?„},
„C?„|?? „q„€„|„„ „u„s?„|„u„}?„~,
„G„„‚„? „q„€„|„„ „„?„s?„|„u„}?„~, „u„|?„}!
„S„…?„p„~ „w„u„‚?„} „}„u„~?? — ?„p„x„p?„ƒ„„„p„~„„}!

?„‚„„p??„p „w„€„| „p„Š?„p„~,
„K„u? „q„p„z„„„p? „w„u„‚?„} „q„p„‚.
„A?„‚„|?„s? „w„p„‚„p„ƒ?„p„~,
„S?„…„u„|„ƒ?„x „u„|?„} „q„p„‚.

?„p„‚„ƒ„ „p„|?„p„~ „…„p?„„„„„„,
„M??„s?„|?„{ „t„€„ƒ„„~„t„p„z.
„A?„x„t?? „u„| „q„p?„„„„„„,
„A?„x„t?? „u„| „€„ƒ„„~„t„p„z!

Alt?n kün aspan?,
Alt?n dän dalas?,
Erliktiñ dastan? -
Elime qarash?!

Ejelden er degen,
Dañq?m?z sh?qt? ghoy,
Nam?s?n bermegen,
Qazagh?m m?qt? ghoy!

Meniñ elim, meniñ elim,
Güliñ bol?p egilemin,
J?r?ñ bol?p togilemin, elim!
Tüghan jerim meniñ - Qazaqstan?m!

Urpaqqa jol ashqan,
Keñ baytaq jerim bar.
Birligi jarasqan,
Täwelsiz elim bar.

Qars? alghan waq?tt?,
Mäñgilik dos?nday.
Bizdiñ el baq?tt?,
Bizdiñ el os?nday!

Sky of golden sun,
Steppe of golden seed,
Legend of courage -
Take a look at my country.

From the antiquity
Our heroic glory emerged,
They did not give up their pride
My Kazakh people are strong!

My country, my country,
As your flower I will be planted,
As your song I will stream, my country!
My native land ? My Kazakhstan!

The way was opened to the posterity
I have a vast land.
Its unity is proper,
I have an independent country.

It welcomed the time
Like an eternal friend,
Our country is happy,
Such is our country.



"Kazakhstan 2013" Brochure in Japanese, please see here

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