HUMAN RIGHTS &
DISARMAMENT SHOULD BE UN PRIORITY, FM SAYS IN GENEVA
Astana, February 28:
The international community, with the UN at the forefront, should keep human
rights and disarmament at the top of its agenda, while Kazakhstan stands ready
to help in every way it can. Foreign Minister Yerzhan Kazykhanov delivered this
message as he spoke at the meetings of the UN Human Rights Council and the
Disarmament Conference in Geneva on February 27 and 28.
to the United Nations work, the world has seen remarkable progress on human
rights since its creation over six decades ago, Kazykhanov said speaking at the
19th HRC session on February 27.
hundreds of millions of people live in greater prosperity, security and freedom
than ever before, their intrinsic dignity as human beings respected and with
the chance to improve the lives of their families and communities,” he said.
there are new challenges such as climate change, increasing energy concerns,
water and food shortages, armed conflicts and terrible famines. “This calls for
the international community, with the UN at the forefront, to keep human rights
at the top of its agenda in a fair and equal manner. Kazakhstan, as a country
that has come a long way over its 20 years of independence, stands ready to
help in every way it can,” Kazykhanov added.
said the Council needs to continue improvements in its working methods. “The
selection of candidates for the position of Special Rapporteurs still does not
reflect a fair geographical representation... There is room, too, for
improved co-ordination between the HRC and other human rights bodies within the
UN system,” he said.
highlighted that Kazakhstan welcomes the implementation of the Universal
Periodic Review and has nearly realised 88 percent of the HRC recommendations.
He also urged the member states to consider making voluntary
contributions to the HRC to strengthen its capacity.
twenty years, Kazakhstan has achieved considerable success in development. “We
are a stable and prosperous country, at peace with ourselves and with our
neighbours,” he said, adding that the country is determined to use its
influence wherever it can to help find solutions to international problems.
Kazakhstan’s chairmanship of the Council of Foreign Ministers of the
Organization of Islamic Cooperation, over 500 million dollars have been raised
to help tackle the devastating famine in Somalia. Kazakhstan has contributed
half a million dollars, Kazykhanov said.
am pleased to say that last year, at a meeting in Astana, it was decided to
establish an OIC Independent Permanent Commission on Human Rights,” he noted.
“We hope that this body will strengthen the institutional foundations of civil
society in the Muslim world and that there can be some fruitful co-operation
with the UNHRC.”
on the situation in Syria, Kazykhanov said the Kazakhstan Government remains
convinced “that diplomatic measures for a peaceful settlement there have not
been exhausted and that we must step up efforts to prevent any escalation of
at the plenary session of the Conference on Disarmament on February 28,
Kazykhanov said that although the year of 2011 was marked by
positive trends in the global processes of disarmament and non-proliferation,
“the lack of substantive work of the Conference on Disarmament over the past
sixteen years continues to cause concern.”
believe that this distinguished body should be at the forefront of the
disarmament process,” he added.
considers nuclear disarmament, the negotiations over the Fissile Material
Cutoff Treaty (FMCT), the provision of negative security assurances, and the
prevention of an arms race in outer space to be the four key issues equally
critical for the work of the Disarmament Conference. “Each of them is important
and requires a collective action. In our view, we should start, as soon as
possible, our work on all of them, concurrently,” the Kazakh Foreign Minister
which has voluntarily relinquished the world’s fourth largest nuclear arsenal
and shut down one of the largest nuclear test sites at Semipalatinsk, remains a
staunch supporter of the global process of non-proliferation and nuclear threat
it is highly important to overcome the stagnation in the global disarmament
process, with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT)
being its cornerstone,” Kazykhanov said.
used the floor to once again emphasise the importance of the Comprehensive
Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT). “Our country urges all other states that have
not yet ratified this important international instrument to speed up the
process.” (So far, eight countries, whose ratification is mandatory for the
CTBT to enter into force, have yet to do that, including China, Democratic
People’s Republic of Korea, Egypt, India, Iran, Israel, Pakistan, and the
also reminded about Kazakhstan’s willingness to host an international bank for
low-enriched uranium fuel under the auspices of the International Atomic Energy
Agency (IAEA). In this regard, the country has submitted an application to the
strongly believe that the establishment of additional reserves of low-enriched
uranium, under the auspices of the IAEA, will promote a guaranteed access for
all States to nuclear fuel and in no way affect the legitimate and inalienable
right of each State Party to the Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear
Weapons to develop nuclear energy for peaceful purposes, provided they fully
meet the NPT conditions,” Kazykhanov said.
current year promises to be packed with events in the area of disarmament and
non-proliferation. The second Global Summit on Nuclear Security will be held in
Seoul on March 26-27. In addition, the Preparatory Committee for the 2015
Review Conference of the State Parties to the NPT will start its proceedings at
the end of April in Vienna.
these developments,” Kazykhanov said, “confirm the willingness of States and
their leaders to address the issues of disarmament and non-proliferation
through joint efforts.”
sincerely hope that the Conference on Disarmament will overcome the stalemate
for the sake of our common goal - security and peace on the Earth,” he added.
Statement by Minister of Foreign Affairs of
the Republic of Kazakhstan at the 19th session of the United Nations
Human Rights Council
Statement by Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan
at the plenary session of the Conference on Disarmament