NAZARBAYEV REPORTS ON PROGRESS, CALLS FOR BOLDER ACTIONS
Seoul, March 27:
Kazakhstan President Nursultan Nazarbayev reaffirmed his country’s strong
commitment to strengthening the international nuclear security framework and
called for bolder actions of the international community in the nuclear field
while addressing the participants of the 2012 Nuclear Security Summit in Seoul
on March 27.
two-day summit kicked off on March 26 with the official welcoming ceremony of
the participating leaders and representatives from more than 50 nations and
four international institutions that gathered to discuss the efforts to secure
vulnerable nuclear materials around the world.
at the morning plenary session as the fourth speaker in succession, the Kazakh
President attached great importance to the measures and efforts taken in enhancing
global nuclear safety during the two years following the Washington Nuclear
highlighted the importance and results of the NPT Review Conference in 2011 as
the number one achievement.
in two years the world eliminated a large amount of highly
enriched uranium. More than thirty countries in the world have
adopted nationalcommitments to nuclear safety. Third, in 2010, Astana
successfully hosted the Conference of the Global Initiative to
Combat Nuclear Terrorism,” Nazarbayev noted.
Kazakhstan President also mentioned that at the national level, the
country has implemented an unprecedented project of transporting 210
tonnes of spent nuclear fuel to a safe storage. Kazakhstan
joined the “Group of Eight” (G-8) Global Partnership against the
spread of weapons of massdestruction and ratified the 2005 Amendment to
the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (CPPNM) to bring
it into force by 2014.
for the development of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes, Nazarbayev
emphasised that countries should guarantee the safety of such nuclear industry
on the basis of three principles, such as the adoption of legally binding
nuclear safety standards, the establishment of mechanisms for rapid response in
case of emergency at nuclear facilities, and the granting to all states of an
equal access to peaceful nuclear technology and supplies of low enriched
uranium (LEU), including through an International Nuclear Fuel Bank.
this regard, Nazarbayev particularly noted that negotiations with the
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) on housing such a bank in Kazakhstan
have reached the practical stage which is the country’s concrete contribution
to the strengthening of the non-proliferation regime and the nuclear
today’s uncontrolled expansion of the club of nuclear states poses a grave
challenge to peace and security, Nazarbayev urged the international community
to apply the toughest international measures, including isolation and
boycotting a country to first use a nuclear weapon.
states mistakenly treat the possession of nuclear weapons as a safety factor.
Based on the experience of my country that voluntarily renounced the world’s
fourth nuclear arsenal, I can say that the real security guarantees are
provided by sustainable economic and social development,” Nazarbayev said.
evaluating the opportunity to discuss the ways of ensuring global nuclear
security within international conferences such as the 2010 Washington Summit
and this Seoul Summit, Nursultan Nazarbayev offered to hold such gatherings
every two year and expressed willingness to hold future summits in Astana.
2012 Seoul Summit resulted in the adoption of the Seoul Communiqué which set a
target date of 2014 for bringing the amendment of the CPPNM into force, the
addition of several nations such as Italy pledging to eliminate their stocks of
fossil material, and an agreement between the US, France, Belgium, and the
Netherlands to produce medical isotopes without the use of highly enriched
uranium by 2015.
next Nuclear Security Summit will be held in The Netherlands in 2014.