NEW FACTS REVEALED CONCERNING KAZAKH KHANATE
Astana, February 27: Kazakh scientists highlighted a
number of recently announced new facts concerning the history of the Kazakh
Khanate. Historians have revealed little-known details after precisely studying
thousands of archival documents that were stored in various countries in Europe
data will be described in scientific papers to be released as part of the
celebration programme dedicated to the establishment’s 550th anniversary, KTK
television channel reported.
Meruert Abusseitova of the Almaty-based Institite of Oriental Studies found the
Kazakh Khanate political hierarchy depicted on the huge carpet showcased in a
museum in Bern, Switzerland. Kazakh craftswomen portrayed a scheme showing khan
in the centre of the carpet, surrounded by sultans and biys (judges). This
image once again proves the fact that Kazakh Khanate had a clear structure of
statehood and power system.
Most of the
documents investigated, granted by foreign museums for research purposes,
embody diplomatic correspondence with neighbours which was conducted in several
khans were able to speak not only the Chagatai language, which is a member of
the Turkic language family, but they could also express themselves in Persian.
Some of them could also speak the Chinese and Oirat (Dzungar) languages,” said
Abusseitova, professor and corresponding member of the Kazakh National Academy
carried out diplomatic missions by signing various contracts, presenting gifts
and joining with other tribes. Close trade and political ties were established
with Persia and the Ottoman and Mughal empires. Historians have also been able
to learn additional interesting facts about Zhanibek and Kerey khans, the
founders of the Kazakh state.
were described as powerful governors. You have to be a strong person in order
to separate from an already-existing state and establish your own. Moreover,
they did not leave alone. Zhanibek and Kerey inflamed over a million people to
go with them and settle in a new state that they planned to create,” explained
Atygaev, Deputy Director of the Institute of History and Ethnology, has also
been engaged in the study of state symbols presented for many years by steppe
nations. The first Kazakh khans had all-visionary characteristics of power and
it was learned that they wore a crown and possessed a throne.
example, Kassym Khan [who ruled in 1511-1518], sat on a golden throne; his head
was adorned by a crown worth 40,000 tumans (an ancient currency). Such
attributes of sovereignty were also presented in the empire of Ghenghis Khan,”
Khanate united several towns, had its own army, code of laws and currency.
Smallcoins known as “tanga”(modern Kazakh currency is called tenge) circulated
within the state when it was established.
its history, the Kazakh Khanate experienced many difficulties and challenges,
including decades of wars with Dzungars, before being absorbed by the Russian
Empire in the 18th and 19th centuries. In the 20th century, the Kazakh Soviet
Socialist Republic existed as one of the constituent parts of the Soviet Union,
before becoming a fully independent state of Kazakhstan during the union’s
collapse. The country retained its statehood unlike many other medieval
khanates, which remain only in the pages of history books about the Asian