PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN NURSULTAN NAZARBAYEV URGES MORE ROBUST GLOBAL EFFORTS AT NUCLEAR SECURITY
The Hague, March 24: President Nursultan Nazarbayev was among the first worldleaders to address the 3rd Nuclear Security Summit here on March 24 calling for
more robust global efforts to secure nuclear materials through steps, such as
countering nuclear terrorism, bolstering the UN watchdog agency and,
ultimately, working toward complete global nuclear disarmament as the only
guarantee of nuclear security internationally.
The Kazakh President called the summits, initiated by U.S. President Barack
Obama in 2009, “a platform to address the most challenging issues on the
international agenda,” and listed several priorities on which his country
“First, general and complete nuclear disarmament is the only guarantee of
nuclear security,” Nazarbayev said. “Second, countering nuclear terrorism and
rooting it out remains an urgent task.”
At the same time, combatting nuclear-related terrorism “should not limit
the right of states to pursue peaceful nuclear programmes, exchange
technologies, equipment, knowledge and expertise,” he said, adding that
Kazakhstan plans to develop its own full nuclear fuel cycle for nuclear power
stations and build new nuclear power plants.
“Third, Kazakhstan stands for further strengthening of the role and
authority of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Fourth, Kazakhstan
supports the creation of new nuclear-weapon-free zones, including in the Middle
East,” the Kazakh President said, also explaining that Astana expects the five
nuclear weapon states to ratify a protocol on negative security assurances to
state parties to the Semipalatinsk Treaty, which established the Central Asian
Nuclear-Weapons-Free Zone (CANWFZ).
He went on to list some of Kazakhstan’s recent achievements and ongoing
In particular, Kazakhstan ranks 15th out of 25 countries with
weapons-usable nuclear materials, in the Nuclear Threat Initiative’s (NTI)
Nuclear Materials Security Index.
“This is explained by internal political and economic stability, effective
legislation and anti-corruption policies,” Nazarbayev said. “Having shut down
the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site and renounced the world’s fourth largest
nuclear arsenal, Kazakhstan, in cooperation with the U.S. and Russia,
dismantled the test site’s infrastructure. We continue work to ensure the
security of the former nuclear test site.”
Generally, all nuclear activities in Kazakhstan are under IAEA’s
comprehensive safeguards, meaning the UN nuclear watchdog has full oversight
over such activities.
“We have supported the IAEA initiative to establish an international
low-enriched uranium (LEU) bank and are finalising negotiations on a [relevant]
host country agreement,” the Kazakh President said. The LEU bank is seen as one
of the key mechanisms to ensure the security of the global nuclear fuel cycle
and an indirect contribution to reduce the risk of nuclear terrorism.
He went on to mention the international climate under which the summit is
being conducted and outline approaches to dealing with modern challenges.
“Our meeting takes place against the backdrop of a crisis in global
security. The underlying reason for this crisis is a lack of political will to
put an end to the practice of double standards and the selective use of
international law,” President Nazarbayev said. “We believe it is extremely
important for nuclear weapon states to fully abide by all the obligations they
Twenty years ago, Kazakhstan, like Belarus and Ukraine, made a major
contribution to global nuclear security when it voluntarily renounced
considerable stockpiles of nuclear weapons and joined the Nuclear
Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) as a non-nuclear weapon state.
“That is why we should all be deeply worried by the irresponsible
statements from some politicians in Ukraine calling for the restoration of a
nuclear weapon status to that country with its five nuclear power plants,
fifteen nuclear reactors and the potential to develop missile technologies,”
Lamenting the lack of effectiveness of the G8 and G20 formats in dealing
with global problems, the Kazakh leader extolled the opportunities of G-Global
to finding ways out of the crisis.
“G-Global offers a path towards a fair, transparent, multipolar and
constructive world order, which would eliminate the threat of nuclear
self-annihilation by humankind,” Nazarbayev said. “I am convinced there is no
alternative to it.
“As we saw in the aftermath of 9/11, the world can
and should unite in the face of common threats to bring about long-term and
systematic approaches to shared challenges,” he said. “We should all live up to
the responsibility we have to our citizens and the global community to deliver
political, rather than military, solutions in the name of international peace.”
Remarks by President of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Nursultan Nazarbayev at the first plenary session of the
Nuclear Security Summit, please see here
The full text of National Progress Report of Kazakhstan, please see here
New highlights as of March 24, 2014, please see here