NAZARBAYEV ADDRESSES THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY
Astana, September 23: President
Nursultan Nazarbayev visited New York on September 20 through 22 to take part
in the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) debates, a unique forum for the
international community to address global issues.
In his speech to the UNGA’s general debates,
Kazakhstan’s President Nursultan Nazarbayev summarised some of the major
achievements his country had made over the past twenty years of its
independence. Among others are the historic closure of the Semipalatinsk
nuclear test site and convening of the Conference on Interaction and
Confidence-Building in Asia, a multilateral security dialogue of 22 countries
representing world’s half population. Last year, Kazakhstan became the first
post-Soviet country to assume the chairmanship of the OSCE. Its yearlong stint
culminated in a historic summit, first since 1999.
This year the country chairs the Council of Foreign
Ministers of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation. Kazakhstan furthers all
efforts to strengthen international and regional security, promote dialogue
between Islamic world and the West, counter Islamophobia and enhance
nonproliferation regime, Nazarbayev said in his address.
The Kazakh leader called upon the world leaders to
draft a Universal Declaration of Nuclear-Free World. He called the situation
when some countries are allowed to have and perfect nuclear weapon while others
are prohibited even to develop one paradoxical. He urged the de-facto nuclear
states to refrain from their ambitions and join comprehensive treaties.
Speaking of the global recession, Nazarbayev stressed
the need to change the paradigm the United Nations works in the economic
sphere. Forecast and elimination of reasons of world crises should be the major
work of international financial institutions, Nazarbayev added. An effective
mechanism of global economic management with clear-cut rules and norms of
responsibilities of all parties, the introduction of a world reserve currency,
and strict control of speculative capital are needed.
A global pact on information and cybersecurity is
vital to deter the increasingly frequent attacks by hackers against
governments, businesses and other institutions, the leader of Kazakhstan told
the General Assembly. Nazarbayev stressed the need for what he called an
international legal framework of the global information space.
Nazarbayev said the emergence of a new world order is
accompanied by the growth of conflicts. He told the general debate that it was
worrying that world’s total arms expenditures are growing twice faster than
during the Cold War, or 6 per cent per annum. He repeated the urgency to set up
a UN Fund of Peacekeeping Efforts, a proposal he put forward 19 years ago. To
this end, every country would contribute 1 per cent of its military budget.
He called upon UN’s closer cooperation with regional
organisations such as CICA, SCO and CSTO in the Eurasian region.
The Kazakh President confirmed his country’s support
to create a Palestinian State for without an independent Palestine, peace in
the Middle East is impossible.
He underlined that only trust and unity could be the
foundation of a new and fair world order.
On the sidelines of UNGA the Kazakh leader held a
number of bilateral meetings with presidents of Austria, Cyprus, European
Council, Finland, Georgia, Latvia, Poland, Republic of Korea, Slovenia,
Ukraine, and USA, prime ministers of Turkey and UK, and United Nations
Secretary General Ban Ki-moon.
The following day, President Nazarbayev delivered a
keynote speech at the High-Level Meeting on Nuclear Safety and Security on
the margins of the UN General Assembly’s sixty-sixth session. The meeting
focused on strengthening the global nuclear safety regime and ensuring maximum
nuclear safety standards.
his speech, President described nuclear security as triune whole, consisting of
protecting humankind from nuclear weapons, countering potential nuclear
terrorism, and ensuring safety of atomic energy. He called for improvement of
planetary management mechanisms in nuclear energy development. According to
Nazarbayev, “unified, strict and internationally recognised standards and
criteria to ensure safety of nuclear energy sites are needed’. He also
underlined the importance that the world community be immediately informed of
any minor incidents at any nuclear sites. And while the global radiophobia is
growing it is of paramount importance to strengthen public trust of nuclear
energy on the basis of true and realistic information, he added.
also took the opportunity to extend his appreciation of the UNGA’s support to
declare August 29, the day of closing the Semipalatinsk test site, the
International Day of Actions against Nuclear Tests.
leader of Kazakhstan also reaffirmed his country’s readiness to host the IAEA’s
Low Enriched Uranium bank.
On the sidelines of the UNGA sixty-sixth session,
Kazakh Foreign Minister Yerzhan Kazykhanov took part in the work of the
Ministerial Meeting “The New Silk Way”. As the current chair of the OIC CFM, he
also participated in an Organization of Islamic Cooperation – European Union
meeting, as well as the Ministerial Troika meeting of the Organization for
Security and Cooperation in Europe. and held talks with its Chairman-in-Office
Audronius Azubalis. He met separately with First-Vice-President of the European
EU High Representative for Foreign and Security Affairs Catherine Ashton,
Iranian Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Salehi and UNDP Administrator Helen Clark.