ASTANA DECLARATION ADOPTED AT OSCE SUMMIT CHARTS WAY FORWARD
Astana, December 3: The first OSCE Summit in 11 years concluded on December 2
with Kazakhstan's President Nursultan Nazarbayev welcoming the work of Heads of
State and Government from the 56 OSCE participating States, saying their
adoption of the Astana Commemorative Declaration reconfirmed the Organization's
comprehensive approach to security based on trust and transparency.
"We have reconfirmed our support to the comprehensive
approach to security based on trust and transparency in the politico-military
field, on rational economic and environmental policy and on the full-fledged
observation of human rights, basic freedoms and the rule of law," he said.
"We intend to raise the level and quality of security and understanding
between our states and peoples."
Nazarbayev, whose country holds the 2010 OSCE Chairmanship,
described the two-day Summit as "an
historic event for the entire OSCE community" that had been characterized
by "the spirit of Astana".
"We realize that the way to a true Euro-Atlantic and
Eurasian community with united and indivisible security will be long and
thorny," he said, adding that by implementing the commitments made in
Astana, participating States would prove the vitality of the Organization.
Dalia Grybauskaite, the President of Lithuania, which will hold
2011 OSCE Chairmanship, discussed the overall purpose of the Organization in
her speech at today's plenary session: "Our goal in the OSCE is clear - to
build a true democratic security community without dividing lines, where all
the commitments are implemented, the use of force is unthinkable and human
rights and fundamental freedoms are fully respected."
The leaders at the Summit adopted the "Astana
Commemorative Declaration: Towards a Security Community" that reaffirmed
their commitment to OSCE principles.
"While we have made much progress, we also acknowledge
that more must be done to ensure full respect for, and implementation of, these
core principles and commitments that we have undertaken in the
politico-military dimension, the economic and environmental dimension, and the
human dimension, notably in the areas of human rights and fundamental
freedoms," the declaration said.
"The security of each participating State is
inseparably linked to that of all others. Each participating State has an equal
right to security. We reaffirm the inherent right of each and every
participating State to be free or choose or change its security arrangements,
including treaties of alliance, as they evolve. Each State also has the right
to neutrality. Each participating State will respect the rights of all others
in these regards. They will not strengthen their security at the expense of the
security of other States."
"Increased efforts should be made to resolve existing
conflicts in the OSCE area in a peaceful and negotiated manner, within agreed
formats, fully respecting the norms and principles of international law
enshrined in the United Nations Charter, as well as the Helsinki Final Act. New
crises must be prevented."
"We underscore the need to contribute effectively,
based on the capacity and national interest of each participating State, to
collective international efforts to promote a stable, independent, prosperous
and democratic Afghanistan."
The declaration calls for an action plan to be developed
under the leadership of future chairmanships.
The Astana Summit brought together Heads of State and
Government and other top officials from the 56 OSCE participating States and 12
Partners for Co-operation, as well as from other international and regional
organizations. The Summit was the OSCE's first since the Istanbul Summit in